A covered bond is a registered or bearer debt security whereby a mortgage bank commits itself in relation to the eligible person (covered bond holder) to pay certain cash amounts, i.e. to redeem a covered bond and to pay out interest in accordance with the agreed terms of bond issue.
In the event of the issuer’s bankruptcy, the claims of investors are secured with segregated assets of the mortgage bank, i.e. mortgage loans (in the case of mortgage covered bonds) or claims under loans granted to public sector entities (in the case of public covered bonds).
Mortgage banks in Poland issue covered bonds under the Act of 29 August 1997 on Covered Bonds and Mortgage Banks (Journal of Laws of 2016, item 1771).